Sunday, July 24, 2011
Atlantis And Post Flood Survivor Cultures
Putting it all together-Sketch map adding the Gateway to Atlantis and Atlantis in the Carribean theory together with D. Crisp's European Continental-shelves Atlantean Kingdoms (Featuring a version of the North Sea/Northern Atlantis theory) and adding the corresponding Tunisian/Maltan theory (Including several versions of Atlas=Atlantis and Atlantis-on-Lake-Tritonis theories, including the Megalithic Origin Libyan-Atlantis of Robert Graves in The Greek Myths) The outlying regions of Greece and Egypt are at rusk at the time of this map and the map shows the known portions of "Libya and Asia (Minor) together" that Atlantis was larger than at the time, with a roughly corresponding reconstruction for Atlantis. These Continental-shelf cultures would be Megalithic by definition and retreating steadily under the sealevel rising of Global Superfloods 2 and 3 (or 1b and 1c) at approximately 10000 to 5000 BC (12000 to 7000 years ago)
4000-5000 BC Europe.
Events occurng after Global Superflood 3 (event 1c) and possibly arising as a result of resettled continental-shelf Antediluvians(From Wikipedia):
CulturesBadari culture on the Nile (c. 4400–4000 BC)
Comb Ceramic culture (also endured the 6th, 4th)
Merimde culture on the Nile (c. 4570–4250 BC)
Proto-Austronesian culture is based on the south coast of China. They combine extensive maritime technology, fishing with hooks and nets and gardening. (c. 5000 BC)
Sredny Stog culture
Lengyel culture in eastern Europe
Cycladic culture—a distinctive Neolithic culture amalgamating Anatolian and mainland Greek elements arose in the western Aegean before 4000 BC
Vinča culture (also endured the 6th, 4th, and 3rd millennia)
c. 5000 BC: Pelasgians migrate to the Balkans
5000–4500 BC: Għar Dalam phase of Neolithic farmers on Malta, possibly immigrant farmers from the Agrigento region of Sicily[or from Tunisia-DD].
Cucuteni-Trypillia culture5000–4000 BC
Neolithic period. Yangshao culture. It is now kept at Banpo Museum.
5000–2000 BC: Neolithic period in China.
4900–4600 BC: Arrangements of circular ditches are built in Central(&Western) Europe.
4800 BC: Dimini culture replaces the Sesklo culture in Thessaly (4800–4000 BC)
c. 4500 BC: Settlement of Chirokitia dates from this period.
c. 4500 BC: Ending of Neolithic IA (the Aceramic) in Cyprus
c. 4350 BC: Kikai Caldera forms in a massive VEI7 eruption.
c. 4250–3750 BC: Menhir alignments at Menec, Carnac, France are made.
4200 BC: Date of Mesolithic examples of Naalebinding (Knitting) found in Denmark, marking spread of the technology to Northern Europe. (Bender 1990)
4100–3500 BC: New wave of immigration to Malta from Sicily leads to the Żebbuġ and Mġarr phases, and to the Ġgantija phase of temple builders.
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
Rice is domesticated in China. Later it is introduced in the Ganges Valley and the rest of Asia (c. 5000 BC)[rice is known as dredged up from Sundaland, ca 10000 BC=DD].
Farming reaches Atlantic coast of Europe (c. 5000 BC).
Maize is cultivated in Mexico (c. 5000 BC).
Writing systems, such as ideographic Vinca script, Tartaria tablets (c. 5000 BC)
c. 5000 BC, Metallurgy appears.
c. 5000 BC, Agriculture starts in Ancient Japan. Beans and gourds are cultivated.
Plough is introduced in Europe (c. 4500 BC)
Copper pins dating to 4000 BC found in Egypt.
Water buffalo are domesticated in China
Beer brewing is developed.
Wheel is developed in Mesopotamia and India
Mesopotamia is in the Uruk period, with emerging Sumerian hegemony and development of "proto-cuneiform" writing; base-60 mathematics, astronomy and astrology, civil law, complex hydrology, the sailboat, potter's wheel and wheel; the Chalcolithic proceeds into the Early Bronze Age.
c. 4000 BC—First neolithic settlers in the island of Thera (Santorini), Greece, migrating probably from Minoan Crete.
c. 4000–2000 BC—People and animals, a detail of rock-shelter painting in Cogul, Lleida, Spain, are painted. It is now at Museo Arqueológico, Barcelona.
Babylonian influence predominant in Mediterranean regions of Asia (to 2000 BC)
In Colombia, circa 3600 BC, first rupestrian art Chiribiquete (Caquetá).
3600 BC—Construction of the Ġgantija megalithic temple complex on the Island of Gozo, Malta: the world's oldest extant unburied free-standing structures, and the world's oldest religious structures. (See Göbekli Tepe for older, buried religious structures.)
3600–3200 BC—Construction of the first temple within the Mnajdra solar temple complex on Malta, containing "furniture" such as stone benches and tables, that set it apart from other European megalith constructions.
3600–3000 BC—Construction of the Ta' Ħaġrat and Kordin III temples on Malta.
3500 Metalcasting began in the Mohenjodaro area.
c. 3500 BC—Figures of a man and a woman, from Cernavodă, Romania, are made. They are now at National Historical Museum, Bucharest.
3500–3400 BC—Jar with boat designs, from Hierakonpolis (today in the Brooklyn Museum) is created. Predynastic Egypt.
3500–2340 BC—First cities developed in Southern Mesopotamia.
The cuneiform script proper emerges out of pictographic proto-writing in the later
4th millennium. Mesopotamia's "proto-literate" period spans the 35th to 32nd centuries. The first documents unequivocally written in the Sumerian language date to the 31st century, found at Jemdet Nasr."Token" prototypes as far back as 11000 BC.
3300–2900 BC—Construction of the Newgrange solar observatory/passage tomb in Ireland.
3300—Bronze Age starts in Indus Valley (Harappa)
c. 3300 BC—Ötzi the Iceman dies near the present-day border between Austria and Italy, only to be discovered in 1991 buried in a glacier of the Ötztal Alps. His cause of death is believed to be homicide.
3250–3000 BC—Construction of three megalithic temples at Tarxien, Malta.
3200–2500 BC—Construction of the Ħaġar Qim megalithic temple complex on Malta, featuring both solar and lunar alignments.
c. 3150 BC—Predynastic period ended in Ancient Egypt. Early Dynastic (Archaic) period started (according to French Egyptologist Nicolas Grimal. The period include 1st and 2nd Dynasties.
c. 3100 BC—According to the legend, Menes unifies Upper and Lower Egypt, and a new capital is erected at Memphis.
c. 3100–2600 BC—Neolithic settlement at Skara Brae in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, is inhabited.[Also includes stone "furniture" as at Malta-DD]
3079 BC—Ancient Vietnamese nation of Văn Lang is established by the first Hùng Vương.
First to Fourth dynasty of Kish in Mesopotamia.
Discovery of silver money rings.
The beginnings of Iberian civilizations, arrival to the peninsula dating as far back as 5000 BC.
c. 3000 BC—First pottery in Colombia at Puerto Hormiga (Magdalena), considered one of the first attempts of pottery of the New World. First settlement at Puerto Badel (Bolívar).
Sumerian temple of Janna at Eridu erected.
Temple at Al-Ubaid and tome of Mes-Kalam-Dug built near Ur, Chaldea.
Uruk period (protohistoric Sumer) 4100–3100 BC
Proto-Elamite from 3200 BC
Urkesh (northern Syria) founded during the fourth millennium BC possibly by the Hurrians
Neolithic Europe and Western Eurasia
Crete: Rise of Minoan civilization.
The Yamna culture ("Kurgan culture"), succeeding the Sredny Stog culture is the locus of the Proto-Indo-Europeans according to the Kurgan hypothesis
The Pit Grave ("Kurgan culture"), succeeding the Sredny Stog culture is the locus of the Turkic peoples according to the Paleolithic Continuity Theory
The Maykop culture of the Caucasus, contemporary to the Kurgan culture, is a candidate for the origin of bronze production and thus the Bronze Age.
Afanasevo 3500—2500 BC, Siberia, Mongolia, Xinjiang, Kazakhstan - late copper and early Bronze Age.
Yamna/Kurgan 3500-2300 BC, Pontic-Caspian (east of Black Sea).
Kura-Araxes 3400–2000 BC - earliest evidence found on the Ararat plain
The Trypillian culture has cities with 15,000 citizens, eastern Europe, 5500–2750 BC.
The Funnelbeaker culture, Scandinavia, 4000–2700 BC, originated in southern parts of Europe and slowly advanced up through today's Uppland.
Indus & Ganges city states
Naqada culture on the Nile, 4000–3000 BC. First hieroglyphs appear thus far around 3500 BC as found on labels in a ruler's tomb at Abydos.
Nok culture, situated at the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers
Neolithic Chinese settlements. They produced silk and pottery (chiefly the Yangshao and the Lungshan cultures), wore hemp clothing, and domesticated pigs and dogs.
Vietnamese Bronze Age culture. The Đồng Đậu Culture, 4000–2500 BC, produced many wealthy bronze objects.
c. 4000–3000 BC—Austronesian peoples reach Formosa (Taiwan) having crossed 150 km from China using advanced maritime technology.[Later spread South and out to Pacific]
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
Sumerian Cuneiform Scriptc. 4000 BC—potter's wheel in Sumer.
4000 BC—Susa is a center of pottery production.
c. 4000 BC—Horses are domesticated in Ukraine.[Also found in Spain at this date-DD]
3500 BC—2340 BC; Sumer: wheeled carts, potter's wheel, White Temple ziggurat, bronze tools and weapons.
c. 3250 BC—potter's wheel appears in Ancient Near East.
3500 BC—The Plough is invented in the Near East.[Possibly introduced from Europe?]
3000 BC—Tin is in use in Mesopotamia soon after this time.
Beginnings of urbanisation in Mesopotamia in Sumer and Egypt, and in ther Indus.
First writings in the cities of Uruk and Susa (cuneiform writings). Hieroglyphs in Egypt.
Kurgan culture of what is now Southern Russia and Ukraine; possibly the first domestication of the horse.
Sails used in the Nile.
Construction in England of the Sweet Track, the World's first known engineered roadway. Largescale planning of Megalithic sites shows use of Geometry.
Drainage and Sewage collection and disposal created in the Indus Valley civilization.
Dams, canals, stone sculptures using inclined plane and lever in Sumer.
Copper was in use, both as tools and weapons.
Bronze was in use, specifically by the Maykop culture.
Mastabas, the predecessors of the Egyptian pyramids.
The earliest phase of the Stonehenge monument (a circular earth bank and ditch) dates to c. 3100 BC. [The earliest C-14 date at Stonehenge is a 10000-year-old Posthole-DD]
The Céide Fields in Ireland, arguably the oldest field system in world, are developed.
Harps and flutes played in Egypt
Copper alloys used by Egyptians and Sumerians; smelting of gold and silver known.
Lyres and double clarinets (arghul, mijwiz) played in Egypt
Earliest known mathematics, numerals in Egypt
Linen is produced in the Middle East
Calendars and chronology
4713 BC: The epoch (origin) of the Julian Period described by Joseph Justus Scaliger occurred on January 1, the astronomical Julian day number zero.
4121 BC: Eduard Meyer's date for the creation of the Egyptian calendar, based on his calculations of the Sothic cycle.
The Maya calendar dates the creation of the Earth to August 11 or August 13, 3114 BC (establishing that date as day zero of the Long Count 188.8.131.52.0).
According to calculations of Aryabhata (6th century), the Hindu Kali Yuga began at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BC. Consequently, Aryabhata dates the events of the Mahabharata to around 3137 BC.
The Post-Flood World in 3000 BC. The Antilles and Canary Islands are inhabited and the Austronesian peoples are headed out into the Pacific. The West-European and American "Atlantean" unit is easy to make out, as well as the Indian-S.Asian-Chinese and Japanese "Lemurian" cluster of Cultures. The Mid-Eaast is their zone of overlap. Modified Wikipedia map.
Postflood World indicating submerged shelf areas-in this instance the submerged cultures and survivor cultures are assumed to be at Bronze Age Level and the innundation rather later.